Dyspepsia

Dyspepsia is also referred to as indigestion. Indigestion is a general term that describes a group of gastrointestinal symptoms that occur together, including pain, a burning feeling, or discomfort in your upper abdomen; feeling full too soon while eating; and feeling uncomfortably full after eating.

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Indigestion is not a disease. However, indigestion may be a sign of certain digestive tract diseases or conditions. Indigestion is not always related to eating.

Indigestion may be:

  • occasional—happening once in a while
  • chronic—happening regularly for a few weeks or months
  • functional—having chronic symptoms without a specific cause

 

Prevention

You can help prevent indigestion by changing what you eat and drink. You may need to avoid foods and drinks that cause indigestion.

If you have indigestion, avoid foods and drinks that may make your symptoms worse, such as:

  • alcoholic beverages
  • carbonated, or fizzy, drinks
  • foods and drinks that contain caffeine
  • foods that contain a lot of acid, such as tomatoes, tomato products, and oranges
  • spicy, fatty, or greasy foods

Causes

If you have indigestion, avoid foods and drinks that may make your symptoms worse, such as:

  • alcoholic beverages
  • carbonated, or fizzy, drinks
  • foods and drinks that contain caffeine
  • foods that contain a lot of acid, such as tomatoes, tomato products, and oranges
  • spicy, fatty, or greasy foods

 

Symptoms

When you have indigestion, you may have one or more of the following symptoms:

  • pain, a burning feeling, or discomfort in your upper abdomen
  • feeling full too soon while eating a meal
  • feeling uncomfortably full after eating a meal
  • bloating
  • burping

Other symptoms may include:

  • burping up food or liquid
  • loud growling or gurgling in your stomach
  • nausea
  • gas

Sometimes when you have indigestion, you may also have heartburn. However, heartburn and indigestion are two separate conditions.

 

Diagnosis

Your doctor diagnoses indigestion based on your medical history, a physical exam, upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy, and other tests.

 

Treatment

Treatment for indigestion depends on the cause and may include:

  • over-the-counter and prescription medicines
  • changing what you eat and drink
  • psychological therapies
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