Health Glossary

    Mortality
    Having to do with death.
    A1C
    A1C is a blood test for type 2 diabetes and prediabetes
    Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
    An aneurysm that occurs in the abdominal portion of the aorta is called an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA).
    Abdominal Wall
    The abdominal wall is composed of muscles and tissues that form a layer that covers the front and sides of your abdomen.
    Absorption
    Absorption occurs when the small intestine breaks down nutrients that are then absorbed into your bloodstream and carried to cells through your body.
    Achilles Tendinitis
    Achilles tendinitis occurs when the tendon that connects the back of your leg to your heel becomes swollen and painful near the bottom of the foot.
    ACL Reconstruction
    ACL reconstruction is surgery to repair the anterior cruciate ligament in the knee.
    Acne
    Acne is a common skin disease that causes pimples.
    Acoustic Neuroma
    An acoustic neuroma is a benign tumor that develops on the nerve that connects the ear to the brain.
    Acoustic Neuroma
    An acoustic neuroma is a benign tumor that develops on the nerve that connects the ear to the brain
    Actinic Keratosis
    Actinic keratosis is a skin condition that sometimes becomes squamous cell carcinoma.
    Acupuncture
    Acupuncture involves stimulating specific points on the body, to cause a change in the physical functions of the body.
    Acupuncture
    Acupuncture is a technique in which practitioners stimulate specific points on the body—most often by inserting thin needles through the skin.
    Acute Ear Infection
    Ear infections are one of the most common reasons parents take their children to the doctor.
    Acute Kidney Failure
    Acute kidney failure is the rapid (less than 2 days) loss of your kidneys' ability to remove waste and help balance fluids and electrolytes in your body.
    Adipose
    Fat tissue in the body.
    Adrenal Gland Disorder
    Adrenal gland disorders develop when the adrenal glands produce hormone levels that are too high or too low.
    Adrenalectomy
    An adrenalectomy is the removal of one or both of the adrenal glands.
    Allergic Contact Dermatitis
    A skin allergy, or allergic contact dermatitis, produces a red, itchy rash that sometimes comes with small blisters or bumps.
    Alzheimer's Caregivers
    Caring for someone who has Alzheimer's disease (AD) can be stressful and overwhelming.
    Alzheimer's disease
    Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia among older people.
    Amniotic fluid
    Amniotic fluid is the water that surrounds the baby inside the uterus.
    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a nervous system disease that attacks nerve cells called neurons in your brain and spinal cord.
    Anastomosis
    Anastomosis is a surgical procedure to reconnect healthy ends of resected structures.
    Anatomy
    Anatomy is the science that studies the structure of the body.
    Anemia
    If you have anemia, your blood does not carry enough oxygen to the rest of your body. The most common cause of anemia is not having enough iron.
    Aneurysm
    An aneurysm is a bulge or "ballooning" in the wall of the aorta, which is the main artery that runs from the heart through the chest and abdomen.
    Angina
    Angina is chest pain or discomfort you feel when there is not enough blood flow to your heart muscle.
    Angioplasty
    Angioplasty is a procedure to restore blood flow through the artery.
    Ankle Fracture
    An ankle fracture is a break in one or more ankle bones.
    Ankle Injuries and Disorders
    Your ankle bone and the ends of your two lower leg bones make up the ankle joint.
    Ankylosing Spondylitis
    Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis of the spine.
    Ankylosing spondylitis
    Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis of the spine.
    Anorexia
    Anorexia is an eating disorder that causes people lose more weight than is considered healthy for their age and height.
    Antepartum
    Occurring before birth.
    Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL)
    The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is the ligament in the center of the knee.
    Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury
    An anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is damage to the ligament in the middle of the knee.
    Anterior Hip Replacement
    Anterior hip replacement surgery allows the physician to replace the joint using a minimally invasive procedure
    Anxiety Disorder
    Anxiety disorders involve more than temporary worry or fear. For a person with an anxiety disorder, the anxiety does not go away and can get worse over time.
    Aortoiliac Occlusive Disease
    Aortoiliac occlusive disease occurs when your iliac arteries become narrowed or blocked. Aortoiliac disease is considered a type of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) because it affects arteries, which are blood vessels that carry blood away from your heart to your limbs.
    Aphasia
    Aphasia is a disorder caused by damage to the parts of the brain that control language.
    Appendicitis
    Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, a finger-shaped pouch that projects from your colon on the lower right side of your abdomen.
    Arm Artery Disease
    Arm artery disease is an uncommon form of peripheral arterial disease (PAD).
    Arm Injuries and Disorders
    Of the 206 bones in your body, 3 of them are in your arm; the humerus, radius and ulna.
    Arrhythmia
    An arrhythmia is a problem with the rate or rhythm of your heartbeat. It means that your heart beats too quickly, too slowly, or with an irregular pattern.
    Arterial
    Your arteries carry blood rich in oxygen and nutrients from your heart to the rest of your body.
    Arteriovenous Malformations
    Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are defects in your vascular system.
    Arthritis
    If you feel pain and stiffness in your body or have trouble moving around, you might have arthritis.
    Arthritis
    If you feel pain and stiffness in your body or have trouble moving around, you might have arthritis.
    Arthroscopy
    Arthroscopy is a surgical technique for joint repair.
    Artificial Rupture of Membranes (AROM)
    Also known as breaking the water, your provider inserts a special hook through the cervix and makes a hole in the membranes, releasing amniotic fluid.
    Asthma
    Asthma is a disease that causes the airways of the lungs to swell and narrow.
    Ataxia Telangiectasia
    Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is a rare, inherited disease.
    Atherosclerosis
    Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque builds up inside your arteries.
    Atrial Fibrillation
    An arrhythmia is a problem with the speed or rhythm of the heartbeat. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common type of arrhythmia. The cause is a disorder in the heart's electrical system.
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
    Is it hard for your child to sit still?
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
    Is it hard for your child to sit still? Does your child act without thinking first? Does your child start but not finish things?
    Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the name for a group of developmental disorders.
    Avene
    A complete skincare range formulated with Avene Thermal Spring Water & patented technologies for all types of sensitive skin.
    Back Pain
    Back pain can range from a dull, constant ache to a sudden, sharp pain.
    Back Pain
    If you've ever groaned, "Oh, my aching back!", you are not alone.
    Bag of waters
    Bag of waters is the amniotic fluid surrounding the baby inside the uterus.
    Baker Cyst
    Baker cyst is a buildup of joint fluid (synovial fluid) that forms a cyst behind the knee.
    Bariatrics
    Bariatrics is the branch of medicine that deals with the causes, prevention and treatment of obesity.
    Barrett's Esophagus
    Barrett’s esophagus is a condition in which tissue that is similar to the lining of your intestine replaces the tissue lining your esophagus. Doctors call this process intestinal metaplasia.
    Basal Cell Carcinoma
    Basal cell skin cancer begins in the basal cell layer of the skin. It usually occurs in places that have been in the sun.
    Binge Eating Disorder
    Binge eating is an eating disorder in which a person regularly eats unusually large amounts of food.
    Bipolar Disorder
    Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks.
    Bladder Cancer
    Bladder cancer occurs in the lining of the bladder.
    Blood Clots
    Normally, if you get hurt, your body forms a blood clot to stop the bleeding. Some people get too many clots or their blood clots abnormally.
    Blood Glucose
    Blood sugar, or glucose, is the main sugar found in your blood.
    Blood Glucose Level
    The amount of glucose in a given amount of blood.
    Blood Pressure
    Blood pressure is the force of your blood pushing against the walls of your arteries.
    Blount Disease
    Blount disease causes the shin bone to turn inward.
    BMI
    A good way to decide if your weight is healthy for your height is to figure out your body mass index (BMI).
    Body Mass Index
    A good way to decide if your weight is healthy for your height is to figure out your body mass index (BMI).
    Bone Grafts
    A bone graft transplants bone tissue.
    Botox
    BOTOX® Cosmetic is a prescription medicine that is injected into muscles and used to temporarily improve the look of both moderate to severe crow’s feet lines and frown lines between the eyebrows in adults.
    Bowel Obstruction
    A bowel obstruction is a blockage of the intestines.
    Brain Aneurysm
    A brain aneurysm is an abnormal bulge or "ballooning" in the wall of an artery in the brain.
    Breast Biopsy
    A breast biopsy involves removing a small sample of breast tissue to test for cancer.
    Bulimia
    Bulimia is an eating disorder in which a person has regular episodes of eating a very large amount of food (bingeing) during which the person feels a loss of control over eating.
    Bunions
    A bunion occurs when the big toe points toward the second toe, forming a bump on the inner side of the foot.
    Bursitis
    A bursa is a small, fluid-filled sac that acts as a cushion between a bone and other moving parts, such as muscles, tendons, or skin. Bursitis occurs when a bursa becomes inflamed.
    Calcium
    You have more calcium in your body than any other mineral.
    Cardiac Ablation
    In cardiac ablation, a form of energy renders a small section of damaged tissue inactive. This puts an end to arrhythmias that originated at the problematic site.
    Cardiac Catheterization
    Also known as a "Heart Cath", cardiac catheterization involves passing a thin flexible tube (catheter) into the right or left side of the heart. The catheter is most often inserted from the groin or the arm.
    Cardiac Lead
    A cardiac lead is a flexible wire, coated with insulation that connects a pacemaker or implantable cardioverter defibrillator generator (ICD) to the interior of the heart.
    Cardiac MRI
    Cardiac MRI, or magnetic resonance imaging, is an imaging method that uses powerful magnets and radio waves to create pictures of the heart.
    Cardiac Pacing
    Each individual heartbeat is actually a collection of several muscle movements spurred into action by electrical impulses.
    Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy
    Cardiac resynchronization relies on electric leads to correct an arrhythmia commonly diagnosed in patients experiencing heart failure.
    Cardiomyopathy
    Cardiomyopathy is the name for diseases of the heart muscle.
    Cardiovascular
    The term cardiovascular refers to the heart (cardio) and the blood vessels (vascular).
    Carotid Artery Disease
    If you have carotid artery disease, the arteries in your neck that supply your brain with blood become narrow, usually because of atherosclerosis.
    Carpal Tunnel Release
    Carpal tunnel release is surgery to treat carpal tunnel syndrome.
    Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
    Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition in which there is excessive pressure on the median nerve.
    Cartilage Disorders
    Cartilage is the tough but flexible tissue that covers the ends of your bones at a joint.
    Celiac Disease
    Celiac disease is a digestive disease that damages the small intestine and interferes with absorption of nutrients from food.
    Cerebellar Disorders
    When you play the piano or hit a tennis ball you are activating the cerebellum.
    Certificate of Coverage
    A certificate of coverage explains the health benefits and services you and your dependents have under your health insurance plan.
    Certified nurse midwife
    A certified nurse midwife is an advanced practice registered nurse who holds a minimum of a master's degree and provides health care for women, including childbirth.
    Cervical Cancer
    Cervical cancer is caused by a virus called HPV. The virus spreads through sexual contact.
    Cervical exam
    The healthcare provider uses their fingers to check the cervix for dilation, effacement and station.
    Cervical Spondylosis
    Cervical spondylosis is a disorder in which there is wear on the cartilage (disks) and bones of the neck (cervical vertebrae).
    Cervix
    The cervix is the lower part of the uterus, the place where a baby grows during pregnancy.
    Cesarean section (C-section)
    A Cesarean section (C-section) is surgery to deliver a baby. The baby is taken out through the mother's abdomen.
    Chemical Peels
    Chemical peels improve and smooth the texture of the facial skin using a chemical solution that causes the dead skin to slough or peel off.
    Chiari malformations (CMs)
    Chiari malformations (CMs) are structural defects in the cerebellum.
    Chickenpox
    Chickenpox is an infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus.
    Children and Diabetes
    Until recently, the common type of diabetes in children and teens was type 1. It was called juvenile diabetes.
    Chiropractic
    Chiropractic is a health care profession.
    Cholecystectomy
    Cholecystectomy is surgery to remove the gallbadder.
    Cholesterol
    Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that occurs naturally in all parts of the body.
    Chronic Ear Infections
    Chronic ear infection is fluid, swelling, or an infection behind the eardrum that does not go away or keeps coming back.
    Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
    Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a disorder that causes extreme fatigue.
    Chronic Kidney Disease
    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) means that your kidneys are damaged and can't filter blood as they should.
    Chronic Venous Insufficiency
    CVI is a progressive medical condition in which the valves that carry blood from the legs to the heart no longer function, causing blood to pool in the legs and veins to swell.
    Cirrhosis
    Cirrhosis is scarring of the liver.
    Claudification
    Claudication is pain, tired or weak feeling that occurs in your legs, usually during activity such as walking. The symptoms typically begin when you start to exercise, and go away a short time after you rest.
    Claw Foot
    Claw foot is a deformity of the toe joints causing the appearance of a claw.
    Clubfoot
    Clubfoot describes a range of foot abnormalities usually present at birth (congenital) in which your baby's foot is twisted out of shape or position.
    Cold Sores
    Cold sores are caused by a contagious virus called herpes simplex virus (HSV).
    Colon Cancer
    Colon cancer is the growth of malignant cells in the colon.
    Colon Polyp
    A colon polyp is an abnormal growth of tissue in the bowel.
    Colon Resection
    Colon resection is a procedure to remove a section of the colon.
    Colonoscopy
    A colonoscopy is a procedure to look inside the colon.
    Coma
    A coma is a deep state of unconsciousness.
    Comorbid
    Combordity is the presence of more than one disease or condition in one person at the same time.
    Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
    Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a chronic pain condition.
    Concussion
    A concussion is a violent jarring or shaking that results in a disturbance of brain function.
    Congenital Heart Disease
    Congenital heart disease is a problem with the heart's structure and function that is present at birth.
    Congestive Heart Failure
    Damaged heart muscle can become so weak that it can no longer pump effectively, leading to cardiomyopathy and congestive heart failure (CHF).
    Connective Tissue Disorder
    Connective tissue is the material inside your body that supports many of its parts.
    Contraindication
    A contraindication is a specific situation in which a drug, procedure, or surgery should not be used because it may be harmful to the person.
    COPD
    COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) makes it hard for you to breathe.
    Coronary Heart Disease
    Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is the most common type of heart disease.
    Costochondritis
    Costochondritis is the inflammation of the cartilage of the ribs.
    Craniofacial Abnormalities
    Craniofacial is a medical term that relates to the bones of the skull and face.
    Crohn's Disease
    Crohn's disease is a chronic, or long lasting, disease that causes inflammation—irritation or swelling—in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
    Crohn's Disease
    Chron's disease causes inflammation of the digestive tract.
    CRPS
    Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a chronic pain condition that most often affects one limb (arm, leg, hand, or foot) usually after an injury.
    Cushing's Syndrome
    Cushing's syndrome is a hormonal disorder.
    De Quervain Tendinitis
    De Quervain tendinitis is swelling and irritation of the tendons of the wrist.
    Deep Vein Thrombosis
    Deep vein thrombosis, or DVT, is a blood clot that forms in a vein deep in the body.
    Dementia
    Dementia is the name for a group of symptoms caused by disorders that affect the brain. It is not a specific disease.
    Depression
    Depression (major depressive disorder or clinical depression) is a common but serious mood disorder.
    Dermatitis
    Atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema, is a non-contagious inflammatory skin condition.
    Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH)
    Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) is a congenital dislocation of the hip.
    Developmental Reading Disorder
    Developmental reading disorder is a reading disability that occurs when the brain does not properly recognize and process certain symbols. It is also called dyslexia.
    Diabetes
    Diabetes is a chronic disease in which the body cannot regulate the amount of sugar in the blood.
    Diabetes
    Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high.
    Diabetes and Pregnancy
    When you are pregnant, high blood sugar levels are not good for your baby.
    Diabetes Complications
    If you have diabetes, your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high.
    Diabetes Medicine
    If you can't control your diabetes with wise food choices and physical activity, you may need diabetes medicines.
    Diabetes Type 1
    With diabetes type 1, your pancreas does not make insulin.
    Diabetic Diet
    Healthy eating helps keep your blood sugar in your target range when you have diabetes.
    Diabetic Eye Problems
    Your retina is the light-sensitive tissue at the back of your eye.
    Diabetic Foot
    Diabetes can cause foot problems and lower the amount of blood flow in your feet.
    Diabetic Heart Disease
    If you have diabetes or pre-diabetes you have an increased risk for heart disease.
    Diabetic Kidney Problems
    Kidney damage from diabetes is called diabetic nephropathy.
    Diabetic Neuropathy
    Nerve damage that occurs in people with diabetes is called diabetic neuropathy.
    Diastolic
    When your heart is at rest, between beats, your blood pressure falls. This is called diastolic pressure.
    Disc herniation
    A herniated (slipped) disk occurs when all or part of a disk is forced through a weakened part of the disk.
    Dislocations
    Dislocations are joint injuries that force the ends of your bones out of position.
    Diverticulosis
    Diverticula are small pouches that bulge outward through the colon, or large intestine. If you have these pouches, you have a condition called diverticulosis.
    Doppler
    Doppler is a handheld device placed on the mother's abdomen to hear the fetal heartbeat.
    Dry Mouth
    Dry mouth is the feeling that there is not enough saliva in your mouth.
    Dry Skin
    Dry skin occurs when your skin loses too much water and oil.
    Dumping Syndrome
    Dumping syndrome occurs when food, especially sugar, moves too fast from the stomach to the duodenum—the first part of the small intestine—in the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
    Dumping Syndrome
    Dumping syndrome occurs when the contents of the stomach empty too quickly into the small intestine.
    Dupuytren Contracture
    Dupuytren contracture is a thickening of the tissue beneath the skin of the palm and fingers.
    Dwarfism
    A dwarf is a person of short stature - under 4' 10" as an adult.
    Dyspepsia
    Dyspepsia is also referred to as indigestion. Indigestion is a general term that describes a group of gastrointestinal symptoms that occur together, including pain, a burning feeling, or discomfort in your upper abdomen; feeling full too soon while eating; and feeling uncomfortably full after eating.
    Dysphagia
    People with dysphagia have difficulty swallowing and may even experience pain while swallowing.
    Dystonia
    Dystonia is a movement disorder that causes involuntary contractions of your muscles.
    Ear Infection
    The most common type of ear infection is called otitis media. It is caused by swelling and infection of the middle ear.
    Eczema
    Eczema is a non-contagious inflammatory skin condition that affects an estimated 30 percent of the US population, mostly children and adolescents.
    Edema
    Edema means swelling caused by fluid in your body's tissues.​
    Electronic fetal monitoring
    Electronic fetal monitoring is a process where two monitors are placed on the mother's abdomen. One is used to trace contractions and the other is used to monitor the baby's heartbeat.
    EltaMD
    EltaMD sunscreens help prevent sunburn and decrease the risk of skin cancer and early skin aging caused by the sun, when used with other sun protection measures.
    Emphysema
    Emphysema is a type of COPD involving damage to the air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs. As a result, your body does not get the oxygen it needs.
    Endocarditis
    Endocarditis, also called infective endocarditis (IE), is an inflammation of the inner lining of the heart.​
    Epidural
    Epidural is a method of administration of pain medication. A small catheter is placed in the epidural space and pain medication is through the catheter to decrease pain sensation. It is used for labor pains or cesarean births.
    Epidural Steroid Injection
    An Epidural Steroid injection (ESI) is a minimally invasive technique used to relieve a variety of painful conditions, including chronic pain anywhere in the spine.
    Epilepsy
    Epilepsy is a brain disorder that causes people to have recurring seizures. The seizures happen when clusters of nerve cells, or neurons, in the brain send out the wrong signals.
    Epilepsy
    Epilepsy is a brain disorder that causes people to have recurring seizures.
    Episiotomy
    Episiotomy is a cut made between the vagina and anus, just before delivery, to enlarge the vaginal opening.
    Erectile Dysfunction
    Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common type of male sexual dysfunction. It is when a man has trouble getting or keeping an erection.
    Ergonomics
    Ergonomics looks at what kind of work you do, what tools you use and your whole job environment.
    Esophageal Cancer
    Esophageal cancer is cancer of the esophagus.
    Esophageal Dysmotility
    Esophageal Dysmotility refers to any medical disorder where the muscles in your esophagues do not work properly, which can make it difficult to swallow and cause chest pain.
    Esophagectomy
    An esophagectomy is surgery to remove part of the esophagus.
    Essential Tremor
    Essential tremor (ET) is a type of involuntary shaking movement. ​
    Eye Lift
    Eyelid surgery (blepharoplasty) is a procedure to remove fat--usually along with excess skin and muscle from the upper and lower eyelids.
    Face Lift
    Rhytidectomy improves the most visible signs of aging by removing excess fat, tightening underlying muscles, and re-draping the skin of your face and neck. A facelift can be done alone, or in conjunction with other procedures such as a forehead lift, eyelid surgery, or nose reshaping.
    Facet Joint Injections
    Injections of medications into the actual facet joints. Facet joints are located between each set of vertebrae in the spine from the neck to the tailbone.
    Failure to progress
    Failure to progress refers to the time during labor when the cervix stops dilating or the baby is not coming down.
    False labor
    False labor, or braxton hicks contractions, are irregular contractions and do not cause cervical change. They may be painful.
    Fatigue
    Fatigue is different from drowsiness. Fatigue is a lack of energy and motivation. Drowsiness and apathy (a feeling of not caring about what happens) can be symptoms that go along with fatigue.
    Fetal scalp electrode
    The fetal scalp electrode is a small device that is placed on the baby's head during labor to monitor the baby's heartbeat.
    Fibromuscular Dysplasia
    Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is the abnormal development or growth of cells in the walls of arteries that can cause the vessels to narrow or bulge.
    Fibromyalgia
    Fibromyalgia is a disorder that causes muscle pain and fatigue.
    Fibrous Dysplasia
    Fibrous dysplasia happens when healthy bone is replaced with other types of tissue.
    Finger Injuries and Disorders
    You use your fingers and thumbs to do everything from grasping objects to playing musical instruments to typing.
    Foot Health
    Each step you take involves a complex network of bones, muscles, tendons, and ligaments.
    Fractures
    If more pressure is put on a bone than it can stand, it will split or break.
    Frozen Shoulder
    Frozen shoulder is a condition in which the shoulder loses motion.
    Fundoplication
    Fundoplication is a surgical technique to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease.
    Fundus
    The fundus is the very top of the uterus. Starting at 24 weeks the patient's provider measures from the patient's pubic bone to the fundus.
    Fungal Infections
    Fungal infections have been associated with many skin diseases and conditions, including athlete’s foot, eczema, dandruff, yeast infections, and toenail infections.
    Gallstones
    Gallstones are hardened deposits of digestive fluid that can form in your gallbladder.
    Ganglion Impar Block
    A ganglion impar block is a procedure used to reduce some of the symptoms of chronic pelvic or rectal pain by blocking nerve impulses. The ganglion impar is a structure located at the level of the coccyx.
    Gastrectomy
    Gastrectomy is the removal of part or all of the stomach.
    Gastric
    Refers to conditions and procedures involving the stomach.
    Gastric Bypass
    Gastric bypass is surgery that helps you lose weight by changing how your stomach and small intestine handle the food you eat.
    Gastric Cancer
    Gastric cancer is cancer of the stomach.
    Gastritis
    Gastritis is a condition in which the stomach lining—known as the mucosa—is inflamed, or swollen.
    Gastroenteritis
    Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the lining of the intestines caused by a virus, bacteria or parasites.
    Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
    Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs when stomach contents back up into the esophagus.
    Gastrointestinal
    Refers to conditions and procedures involving the GI tract, which includes the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine or colon, rectum, and anus.
    Gastroparesis
    Gastroparesis, also called delayed gastric emptying, is a disorder that slows or stops the movement of food from the stomach to the small intestine.
    Generalized Anxiety Disorder
    Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a mental disorder in which a person is often worried or anxious about many things and finds it hard to control this anxiety.
    Genetic Brain Disorder
    A genetic brain disorder is caused by a variation or a mutation in a gene.
    GERD
    Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) happens when your stomach contents come back up into your esophagus. Stomach acid that touches the lining of your esophagus can cause heartburn, also called acid indigestion
    Gestational Diabetes
    Gestational diabetes is diabetes that happens for the first time when a woman is pregnant.
    Gestational hypertension
    Gestational hypertension, also referred to as pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH), is high blood pressure during pregnancy. This is not the same as pre-eclampsia.
    Glomerulonephritis
    Glomerulonephritis is a type of kidney disease in which the part of your kidneys that helps filter waste and fluids from the blood is damaged.
    Goiter
    A simple goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland.
    Gout
    Gout is a common, painful form of arthritis. It causes swollen, red, hot and stiff joints.
    Granuloma Annulare
    Granuloma annulare is a long-term (chronic) skin disease consisting of a rash with reddish bumps arranged in a circle or ring.
    Graves Disease
    Graves disease is an autoimmune disorder that leads to overactivity of the thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism).
    Group Beta Strep (GBS)
    Group Beta Strep, or Group B Strep, is a bacteria that can be found in the vagina, rectum or urine. It can be passed to the baby during labor.
    Growth Plate Injuries
    Growth plate injuries are fractures that occur near or at the end of a long bone.
    Hair Loss
    Small amounts of hair shedding a day is normal; people who notice their hair shedding in large amounts after combing or brushing, or whose hair becomes thinner or falls out, should talk to their physician for treatment.
    Halitosis
    Halitosis is the term for bad breath. Bad breath can have many causes, and could be the sign of an underlying problem.
    Hammer Toe
    Hammer toe is a deformity of the toe.
    Hamstring Strain
    A hamstring strain occurs when a muscle in the back of the thigh is pulled.
    HDL
    High-density lipoprotein, or HDL is known as good cholesterol.
    Head Lice
    Head lice are parasitic wingless insects. They live on people's heads and feed on their blood.
    Headache
    Almost everyone has had a headache.
    Headaches
    A headache is pain or discomfort in the head, scalp, or neck.
    Healthcare Team
    The team may include your bariatric surgeon, primary care physician, psychological counselor, dietitian, nutritionist, weight management center, and fitness expert.
    Healthy Weight
    Reaching and maintaining a healthy weight is important for overall health and can help you prevent and control many diseases and conditions.
    Heart Attack
    A heart attack happens when the flow of oxygen-rich blood to a section of heart muscle suddenly becomes blocked and the heart can’t get oxygen.​
    Heart Beat
    The heart is comprised of four chambers: two upper atria, and two lower ventricles. An electrical system controls the synchronized pumping action of these chambers.
    Heart Failure
    Heart failure is a condition in which the heart can't pump enough blood to meet the body's needs.
    Heartburn
    Heartburn is a painful burning feeling in your chest that occurs when stomach acid backs up into your esophagus, the tube that carries food from your mouth to your stomach.
    Heel Injuries and Disorders
    Heel problems are common and can be painful.
    Hematuria
    Hematuria is blood in the urine.
    Hemoglobin
    Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen.
    Hemoglobin Test
    The hemoglobin test is a blood test that measures how much hemoglobin is your blood.
    Hemophilia
    Hemophilia is a rare bleeding disorder in which the blood doesn't clot normally.
    Hemorrhoidectomy
    Hemorrhoidectomy is surgery to remove hemorrhoids.
    Hemorrhoids
    Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in your rectum or anus.
    Herinated Disk
    Your backbone, or spine, is made up of 26 bones called vertebrae.
    Hernia
    A hernia happens when part of an internal organ or tissue bulges through a weak area of muscle. Most hernias are in the abdomen.
    Herpes Simplex
    Herpes is an infection that is caused by a herpes simplex virus (HSV).
    Hiatal Hernia
    Hiatal hernia is a condition in which part of the stomach extends through an opening of the diaphragm into the chest.
    High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
    Blood pressure is a measurement of the force against the walls of your arteries as your heart pumps blood through your body.
    High Cholesterol
    Too much bad cholesterol can increase your chance of getting heart disease, stroke, and other problems.
    Hip Fracture
    A hip fracture is a fracture of the bones of the hip joint.
    Hip Replacement Surgery
    Hip replacement surgery replaces a damaged hip joint with artificial parts.
    Hives
    Hives are red and sometimes itchy bumps on your skin.
    Hypercalcemia
    Hypercalcemia is too much calcium in the blood.
    Hypercoagulable Disorders
    Normally, if you get hurt, your body forms a blood clot to stop the bleeding. Some people get too many clots or their blood clots abnormally.
    Hyperglycemia
    Hyperglycemia means high blood sugar or glucose.
    Hyperlipidemia
    Lipid is the scientific term for fats in the blood. Hyperlipidemia includes several conditions, but it usually means that you have high cholesterol and high triglyceride levels.
    Hypocalcemia
    Hypocalcemia is a condition where blood levels of calcium are low.
    Hypotension
    Hypotension is abnormally low blood pressure.​
    IBS
    Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a group of symptoms—including pain or discomfort in your abdomen and changes in your bowel movement patterns—that occur together.
    ICD (Implantable Cardioverter Debrillators)
    An ICD sends electrical pulses to the heart when rhythms get dangerously out of control, effectively halting racing beats and protecting against Sudden Cardiac Death.
    Iliotibial Band Syndrome
    Iliotibial band syndrome is swelling and irritation of the tendon on the outside of the leg.
    Incision
    An incision is a cut through the skin made during surgery.
    Incontinence
    Urinary (or bladder) incontinence is the involuntary loss of bladder control and happens when you are not able to keep urine from leaking out of your urethra.
    Infectious Arthritis
    Most kinds of arthritis cause pain and swelling in your joints.
    Infertility
    Infertility means not being able to become pregnant after a year of trying.
    Ingrown Toenail
    An ingrown toenail occurs when the edge of the nail grows into the skin of the toe.
    Inguinal Hernia
    An inguinal hernia is a hernia in the abdominal wall.
    Injectable Fillers
    Dermal fillers are substances injected beneath the skin to restore lost volume, smooth fine lines and deep creases or enhance facial contours.
    Interstitial Cystitis
    Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a condition that causes discomfort or pain in the bladder and a need to urinate frequently and urgently.
    Intrapartum
    Intrapartum refers to the time during labor.
    Intrauterine Contraception (IUC)
    Intrauterine contraception is a method of birth control used for three to ten years. It is inserted into the cervix.
    Intrauterine Pressure Catheter (IUPC)
    An intrauterine pressure catheter is a small catheter placed inside the uterus and beside the baby during labor to monitor strength and duration of contractions.
    Jaw Injuries and Disorders
    Your jaw is a set of bones that holds your teeth.
    Joint pain
    Aching pain in one's joints
    Joint Replacement Surgery
    Joint replacement surgery replaces damaged or diseased joints with artificial parts.
    Juvederm
    Juvederm is a dermal filler that can smooth moderate to severe facial wrinkles.
    Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
    Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a term used to describe a group of disorders in children that includes arthritis. They are chronic (long-term) diseases that cause joint pain and swelling.
    Keratosis Pilaris
    Keratosis pilaris is a common skin condition in which a protein in the skin called keratin forms hard plugs within hair follicles.
    Kidney Cancer
    Kidney cancer forms in the lining of tiny tubes inside your kidneys.
    Kidney stone
    Kidney stones are one of the most painful of the urologic disorders. Stones form in the kidney and sometimes travel from the kidney down the ureter (the tube that carries the urine from the kidney) into the bladder. This can obstruct the flow of urine, thereby putting pressure on the kidney, leading to pain, nausea and vomiting. Most kidney stones pass out of the body without intervention. Stones that cause lasting symptoms, severe pain and vomiting or other complications may be treated by various techniques.
    Knee Injuries and Disorders
    Knee problems are very common, and they occur in people of all ages.
    Knee Replacement Surgery
    Knee replacement surgery is surgery to replace the knee joint.
    Kneecap Dislocation
    Kneecap dislocation occurs when the patella slips out of place.
    Labor
    True labor is defined by contractions that are regular and cause the cervix to dilate.
    Lactose intolerance
    Lactose intolerance is a condition in which people have digestive symptoms—such as bloating, diarrhea, and gas—after eating or drinking milk or milk products.
    Laparoscopic Gastric Band
    Lap Band© is a minimally invasive approach to weight loss surgery that places a band around the upper part of stomach to create a small pouch to hold food.
    Laparoscopic Hernia Repair
    Laparoscopic hernia repair is surgery to correct a hernia.
    Laparoscopy
    Laparoscopy is minimally invasive surgery.
    Laryngeal Papillomatosis
    Although the tumors can grow anywhere in the respiratory tract, their presence in the larynx (voice box) causes the most frequent problems, a condition called laryngeal papillomatosis.
    Laryngitis
    Laryngitis is swelling and irritation of the voice box.
    Laser hair removal
    This is the process of removing unwanted hair by means of exposure to pulses of laser light that destroy the hair follicle.
    Last Menstrual Period (LMP)
    Last menstrual period is the very first day of your last period. It is used to calculate your due date.
    Latisse
    LATISSE® is used to treat hypotrichosis of the eyelashes by increasing their growth including length, thickness and darkness.
    LDL
    LDL cholesterol is known as bad cholesterol.
    Leg Injuries and Disorders
    Your legs are made up of bones, blood vessels, muscles, and other connective tissue.
    Leukodystrophies
    The leukodystrophies are rare diseases that affect the cells of the brain.
    Lichen Planus
    Lichen planus is a condition that forms an itchy rash on the skin or in the mouth.
    Limb Loss
    People can lose all or part of an arm or leg for a number of reasons.
    Lobectomy
    Lobectomy is the removal of a section of an organ.
    Long-acting Reversible Contraception (LARC)
    LARC are the methods of birth control that last anywhere from three to ten years. It includes implants such as Nexplanon and IUCs such as Kyleena, Liletta, Mirena and Paragard.
    Low Transverse Cesarean Section (LTCS)
    LTCS is the most common type of incision for cesarean section. It is on the lower part of the uterus and extends from side to side.
    Lupus
    If you have lupus, your immune system attacks healthy cells and tissues by mistake.
    Lymphatic
    The lymphatic system is a network of tissues and organs.
    Lymphedema
    Lymphedema is the name of a type of swelling in soft body tissues.
    Malabsorption
    Malabsorption involves problems with the body's ability to take in nutrients from food.
    Mastectomy
    A mastectomy is surgery to remove the breast.
    Measles
    Measles is an infectious disease caused by a virus. It spreads easily from person to person.
    Meconium
    Meconium is a baby's first bowel movement.
    Medial Branch Block
    The Medial Branch Block is a diagnostic procedure. It is used to evaluate whether you would benefit from a Radio Frequency Ablation, or a “burning of the nerves”, which may be the cause of your pain.
    Medial Epicondylitis
    Medial epicondylitis, or golfer's elbow, is soreness of the inside of the elbow.
    Melanoma
    Melanoma is the most serious type of skin cancer.
    Ménière’s disease
    Ménière’s disease is a disorder of the inner ear that causes severe dizziness (vertigo), ringing in the ears (tinnitus), hearing loss, and a feeling of fullness or congestion in the ear. Ménière’s disease usually affects only one ear.
    Meningitis
    Meningitis is inflammation of the thin tissue that surrounds the brain and spinal cord, called the meninges.
    Meniscus
    The meniscus is a c-shaped piece of cartilage in the knee.
    Meniscus Tear
    A meniscus tear is a tear in the cartilage of the knee.
    Mesenteric Ischemia
    The mesenteric arteries are the arteries that supply blood to your large and small intestines. Ischemia occurs when your blood cannot flow through your arteries as well as it should, and your intestines do not receive the necessary oxygen to perform normally.
    Metabolic Syndrome
    Metabolic syndrome is the name for a group of risk factors that raises your risk for heart disease and other health problems, such as diabetes and stroke.
    Microdermabrasion
    Microdermabrasion is a gentle, non-invasive treatment that uses gentle exfoliation to smooth and brighten your skin.
    Microphlebectomy
    Microphlebectomy vein treatment, sometimes referred to as an ambulatory phlebectomy, is a minimally invasive way to remove damaged superficial varicose veins.
    Migraine
    If you suffer from migraine headaches, you're not alone. About 12 percent of the U.S. population gets them.
    Minimally Invasive
    Minimally invasive procedures use state-of-the-art technology to reduce the damage to body tissue when performing surgery.
    Mitral Valve Prolapse
    Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) occurs when one of your heart's valves doesn't work properly.​
    Moles
    Moles are growths on the skin.
    Molluscum Contagiosum
    Molluscum contagiosum is a viral skin infection that causes raised, pearl-like papules or nodules on the skin.
    Mono
    Mono, or infections mononucleosis, is an infection usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus.
    Morbid Obesity
    A condition in which the body mass index is 40 or more, which is roughly equal to 100 pounds or more over ideal body weight.
    Morton Neuroma
    Morton Neuroma is an injury to the nerve between the toes that causes thickening and pain.
    Mouth Sores
    There are different types of mouth sores. They can occur anywhere in the mouth including bottom of the mouth, inner cheeks, gums, lips, and tongue.
    Multidisciplinary Bariatric Program
    A team approach to testing and treatment of clinically severe obesity; includes surgery, nutrition counseling, psychological evaluation, and exercise physiology.
    Multiple Sclerosis
    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a nervous system disease that affects your brain and spinal cord.
    Multiple Sclerosis
    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a nervous system disease that affects your brain and spinal cord.
    Mumps
    Mumps is a contagious disease that leads to painful swelling of the salivary glands. The salivary glands produce saliva, a liquid that moistens food and helps you chew and swallow.
    Muscle Cramps
    Muscle cramps are sudden, involuntary contractions or spasms in one or more of your muscles.
    Muscle disorder
    Your muscles help you move and help your body work. Different types of muscles have different jobs. There are many problems that can affect muscles. Muscle disorders can cause weakness, pain or even paralysis.
    Muscle pain
    Muscle pain is most frequently related to tension, overuse, or muscle injury from exercise or physically demanding work.
    Muscle Spasicity/Spasms
    Muscle spasticity, or spasms, causes your muscles to become stiff or rigid.
    Muscular Dystrophy
    Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a group of more than 30 inherited diseases.
    Muscular Dystrophy
    Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a group of more than 30 inherited diseases.
    Myositis
    Myositis means inflammation of the muscles that you use to move your body. An injury, infection, or autoimmune disease can cause it.
    Nausea
    Nausea is feeling an urge to vomit. It is often called "being sick to your stomach."
    Neck Injuries and Disorders
    Any part of your neck - muscles, bones, joints, tendons, ligaments, or nerves - can cause neck problems.
    Neck pain
    Neck pain is discomfort in any of the structures in the neck.
    Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
    The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) is a special care nursery for babies who are born prematurely or need specific care.
    Neonatologist
    A Neonatologist is a doctor who takes care of sick or premature babies.
    nerve pain
    Nerve pain (also called neuralogia) is a sharp, shocking pain that follows the path of a nerve and is due to irritation or damage to the nerve.
    Neural Tube Defects
    Neural tube defects are birth defects of the brain, spine, or spinal cord.
    Neuromuscular Disorders
    Neuromuscular disorders affect the nerves that control your voluntary muscles. Voluntary muscles are the ones you can control, like in your arms and legs.
    Neuropathy
    Neuropathy is the term used to describe a problem with the nerves, usually the 'peripheral nerves' as opposed to the 'central nervous system' (the brain and spinal cord).
    Non-stress test
    A non-stress test is a test done to evaluate the well-being of a baby. This is done by external fetal monitoring.
    Numbness/weakness
    Numbness and tingling are abnormal sensations that can occur anywhere in your body, but they are often felt in your fingers, hands, feet, arms, or legs.
    Nursemaid's Elbow
    Nursemaid's elbow is a dislocation of the elbow.
    Obagi
    Obagi products are designed to help minimize the appearance of premature skin aging, skin damage, hyperpigmentation, acne and sun damage.
    Obesity
    Obesity means having too much body fat.
    Occipital Neuralgia
    Occipital neuralgia is a distinct type of headache characterized by piercing, throbbing, or electric-shock-like chronic pain in the upper neck, back of the head, and behind the ears, usually on one side of the head.
    Occipitofrontal circumference
    Occipitofrontal circumference is the measurement around the baby's head.
    Occiput anterior
    Occiput anterior is a term used to describe the position of the baby's head during labor. This is the most desirable position.
    Occiput posterior
    Occiput poseterior, sometimes referred to as sunny side up, is a term used to describe the position of the baby's head during labor. The patient may have a lot of back labor or back pain during labor if the baby is in this position.
    Open Hernia Repair
    Open hernia repair is surgery to repair a hernia.
    Osgood-Schlatter disease
    Osgood-Schlatter disease is a painful swelling of the bump on the upper part of the shinbone, just below the knee.
    Osteoarthritis
    Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis.
    Osteogenesis Imperfecta
    Osteogenesis imperfecta is a disease that causes brittle bones.
    Osteomalacia
    Osteomalacia is softening of the bones.
    Osteonecrosis
    Osteonecrosis is a disease caused by reduced blood flow to bones in the joints.
    Osteonecrosis
    Osteonecrosis is a disease caused by reduced blood flow to bones in the joints.
    Osteoporosis
    Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become fragile and more likely to break (fracture).
    Osteoporosis
    Osteoporosis is a disease that thins and weakens the bones.
    Ostomy
    Ostomy is surgery to create an opening from inside the body to the outside.
    Otolaryngology
    Otolaryngology (pronounced oh-toe-lair-in-goll-oh-jee) is a medical specialty in the medical and surgical management and treatment of patients with diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, throat (ENT) and related structures of the head and neck.
    Overactive Bladder
    Overactive bladder is a condition in which the bladder squeezes urine out at the wrong time.
    Pacemaker
    Although it weighs just about an ounce, a pacemaker contains a powerful battery, electronic circuits and computer memory that together generate electronic signals.
    Paget's Disease
    Paget's disease causes bones to grow too large and weaken.
    Pancreatectomy
    Pancreatectomy is the removal of the pancreas.
    Pancreatic Cancer
    Pancreatic Cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the pancreas.
    Panic Disorder
    Panic disorder is a type of anxiety disorder. It causes panic attacks, which are sudden feelings of terror when there is no real danger. You may feel as if you are losing control.
    Parathyroid Cancer
    Parathyroid cancer is cancer in the parathyroid glands.
    Parkinson's disease
    Parkinson's disease (PD) is a type of movement disorder.
    Partial Knee Replacement
    A partial knee replacement is surgery to replace one part of the knee.
    Pediatrician
    A pediatrician is a doctor who is trained to work with babies and children.
    Pelvic Exenteration
    Pelvic exenteration is the surgical removal of the pelvic organs.
    Perfect Derma Peel
    The Perfect Derma Peel is a safe and effective medium depth peel for all skin types and ethnicities.
    Pericarditis
    Pericarditis is a condition in which the sac-like covering around the heart (pericardium) becomes inflamed.
    Perinatologist
    A perinatologist is a doctor who has advanced training in managing high-risk pregnancies and deliveries.
    Perioral Dermatitis
    Perioral dermatitis is a skin disorder in which tiny red bumps form around the mouth.
    Peripheral Arterial Disease
    Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) happens when there is a narrowing of the blood vessels outside of your heart.​
    peripheral artery disease
    Peripheral Artery disease (PAD) happens when there is a narrowing of the blood vessels outside of your heart.
    Peripheral Nerve Disorder
    Peripheral nerve disorders distort or interrupt the messages between the brain and the rest of the body.
    Peripheral Neuropathy
    A condition that develops as a result of damage to the peripheral nervous system.
    Perthes Disease
    Perthes disease occurs when lack of blood flow causes the bone of the femoral head to die.
    Pertussis
    Pertussis, commonly known as the whooping cough, is a highly contagious bacterial disease that causes uncontrollable, violent coughing.
    Phenylketonuria
    Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a type of amino acid metabolism disorder.
    Phenylketonuria
    Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a type of amino acid metabolism disorder.
    Pinworms
    Pinworms are small parasites that can live in the colon and rectum. You get them when you swallow their eggs.
    Pituitary Disorders
    Your pituitary gland is a pea-sized gland at the base of your brain.
    Pityriasis Rosea
    Pityriasis rosea is a common type of skin rash seen in young adults.
    Placenta
    A placenta is the tissue that provides nourishment to the baby and takes waste away from the baby during pregnancy. It is also called the afterbirth.
    Plantar Fasciitis
    The plantar fascia is the thick tissue on the bottom of the foot. When this tissue becomes swollen or inflamed, it is called plantar fasciitis.
    Poison ivy
    Poison ivy, oak, or sumac poisoning is an allergic reaction that results from touching the sap of these plants.
    Polio and Post-Polio Syndrome
    Polio is an infectious disease caused by a virus.
    Polio and Post-Polio Syndrome
    Polio is an infectious disease caused by a virus.
    Polycystic Kidney Disease
    Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic disorder that causes numerous cysts to grow in the kidneys.
    Polymyalgia rheumatica
    Polymyalgia rheumatica is a rheumatic disorder associated with moderate-to-severe musculoskeletal pain and stiffness in the neck, shoulder, and hip area.
    Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
    PTSD is a disorder that develops in some people who have experienced a shocking, scary, or dangerous event.
    Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Injury
    Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injury occurs when the PCL is stretched or torn.
    Postpartum
    Postpartum is the time after birth.
    Pre-eclampsia
    Pre-eclampsia is a disorder in the last half of pregnancy that is accompanied by high blood pressure and protein in the urine.
    Prediabetes
    Prediabetes means you have blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels that are higher than normal but not high enough to be called diabetes
    Premature labor
    Premature labor, commonly referred to as preterm labor, is labor that consists of contractions that cause the cervix to dilate and efface before 37 completed weeks of pregnancy.
    Premature rupture of membranes
    Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) happens when the amniotic sac, or bag of water, breaks before 37 weeks of pregnancy.
    Prenatal
    Prenatal is the time during pregnancy and before birth.
    Prostate Cancer
    The prostate is the gland below a man's bladder that produces fluid for semen. Prostate cancer is common among older men.
    Prostatitis
    Prostatitis is swelling of the prostate gland.
    Proteinuria
    Proteinuria is a condition in which urine contains a detectable amount of protein. Proteinuria is a sign of chronic kidney disease (CKD).
    PSA
    Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a protein produced by prostate cells. The PSA test is done to help diagnose and follow prostate cancer in men.
    Psoriasis
    Psoriasis is a skin disease that causes itchy or sore patches of thick, red skin with silvery scales.
    Psoriatic arthritis
    Psoriatic arthritis is a form of arthritis (joint inflammation) that can occur in people who have the skin disease psoriasis. Psoriasis is a common condition characterized by scaly red and white skin patches.
    Pulmonary Embolism
    A pulmonary embolism is a sudden blockage in a lung artery.
    Pulmonary Hypertension
    Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is high blood pressure in the arteries to your lungs.​
    Radiculopathy
    A pinched nerve is damage or injury to a nerve or set of nerves.
    Radio Frequency Ablation
    A Radio Frequency Ablation is a procedure where high frequency radio waves are used to generate heat and “burn a nerve”.
    Raynaud's Disease
    Raynaud's disease is a rare disorder of the blood vessels, usually in the fingers and toes.
    Rectal Cancer
    Rectal cancer is cancer in the tissue of the rectum.
    Renal Disease
    Your kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of your fists. They are located near the middle of your back, just below the rib cage.
    Repeat cesarean section
    Repeat cesarean section is when a patient has another cesarean birth after having a previous cesarean birth.
    Restless Legs Syndrome
    Restless legs syndrome (RLS) causes a powerful urge to move your legs.
    Revision
    The Revision Skincare collection was formulated to provide targeted solutions for enhancing skin’s appearance and reducing signs of aging.
    Rh factor
    The Rh factor is a part of your blood type. It is a protein that can be present on red blood cells. You are either positive or negative.
    Rheumatoid arthritis
    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a form of arthritis that causes pain, swelling, stiffness and loss of function in your joints.
    Rhogam
    Rhogam is an injection given to mothers who are Rh negative. It helps prevent Rh isoimmunization which could affect future pregnancies.
    Rickets
    Rickets causes soft, weak bones in children.
    Rosacea
    Rosacea is a long-term disease that affects your skin and sometimes your eyes.
    Rotator Cuff
    The rotator cuff is the group of muscles and tendons that supports the shoulder.
    Rotator Cuff Injuries
    Your rotator cuff is located in your shoulder area.
    Rotator Cuff Repair
    Rotator cuff repair is surgery to repair a torn tendon in the shoulder.
    Rotator Cuff Tear
    A rotator cuff tear is a tear of a tendon in the shoulder.
    Rotator cuff tendinitis
    Rotator cuff tendinitis refers to irritation of tendons and inflammation of the bursa (a normally smooth layer) lining these tendons.
    Rubella
    Rubella, also known as the German measles, is an infection in which there is a rash on the skin.
    Scabies
    Scabies is an itchy skin condition caused by a microscopic mite.
    Schizophrenia
    Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental disorder that affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves.
    Sciatica
    Sciatica is a symptom of a problem with the sciatic nerve, the largest nerve in the body.
    Scleroderma
    Derived from the Greek words “sklerosis,” meaning hardness, and “derma,” meaning skin, scleroderma literally means “hard skin.” Although it is often referred to as if it were a single disease, scleroderma is really a symptom of a group of diseases that involve the abnormal growth of connective tissue, which supports the skin and internal organs.
    Sclerotherapy
    Sclerotherapy eliminates varicose veins and "spider veins" via injection of a solution directly into the vein.
    Scoliosis
    Scoliosis causes a sideways curve of your backbone, or spine.
    Seborrheic Dermatitis
    Seborrheic dermatitis is a common, inflammatory skin condition that causes flaky, white to yellowish scales to form on oily areas such as the scalp, face or inside the ear.
    Seizure
    Seizures are symptoms of a brain problem. They happen because of sudden, abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
    Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
    A sentinel lymph node biopsy is a biopsy of the lymph node closest to a tumor.
    Shingles
    Shingles is a disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus - the same virus that causes chickenpox.
    Shoulder Arthroscopy
    Shoulder arthroscopy is a type of surgery to examine or repair the tissues inside or around your shoulder joint.
    Shoulder Dislocation
    Shoulder dislocation occurs when the arm bone pops out of the shoulder socket.
    Shoulder Injuries and Disorders
    Your shoulder joint is composed of three bones: the clavicle (collarbone), the scapula (shoulder blade), and the humerus (upper arm bone).
    Shoulder Instability
    Shoulder instability is when the shoulder joint is loose.
    Shoulder pain
    Shoulder pain is any pain in or around the shoulder joint.
    Shoulder Replacement Surgery
    Shoulder replacement surgery is surgery to replace the bones of the shoulder joint.
    Sinusitis
    Sinusitis means your sinuses are inflamed.
    Sjögren’s syndrome
    Sjögren’s (SHOW-grens) syndrome is an autoimmune disease; that is, a disease in which the immune system turns against the body’s own cells.
    Skin Cancer
    Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in the United States.
    SkinCeuticals
    SkinCeuticals offers a range of clinical-grade professional peels and facial treatments
    Sleep Apnea
    Sleep apnea is a common disorder in which you have one or more pauses in breathing or shallow breaths while you sleep.
    Sleeve Gastrectomy
    A weight loss operation that decreases the size of the stomach, limiting the amount of food that can be eaten at one time.
    Small Intestine Cancer
    Small Intestine Cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of he small intestine.
    Social Anxiety Disorder
    Social anxiety disorder is a persistent and irrational fear of situations that may involve scrutiny or judgment by others, such as at parties and other social events.
    Sore Throat
    Sore throat is discomfort, pain, or scratchiness in the throat.
    Spasmodic Dysphonia
    Spasmodic dysphonia is difficulty speaking due to spasms (dystonia) of the muscles that control the vocal cords.
    Speech and Communication Disorders
    Many disorders can affect our ability to speak and communicate.
    Spider Veins
    Spider veins are a smaller version of varicose veins that typically appear on the legs and face.
    Spinal Cord Stimulation
    Spinal cord stimulation is a therapy that masks pain signals before they reach the brain.
    Spinal stenosis
    Spinal stenosis causes narrowing in your spine.
    Spine Injuries and Disorders
    Your backbone, or spine, is made up of 26 bone discs called vertebrae.
    Splenectomy
    Splenectomy is the removal of the spleen.
    Spontaneous rupture of membranes
    Spontaneous rupture of membranes (SROM) is when the bag of water breaks on its own. It only happens in about ten percent of pregnancies and may be a big gush or trickle.
    Sports Injuries
    The term “sports injury,” in the broadest sense, refers to the kinds of injuries that most commonly occur during sports or exercise.
    Sprains and Strains
    A sprain is an injury to a ligament, while a strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon.
    Squamous Cell Cancer
    Squamous cell cancer is the second most common type of cancer in the United States.
    Stent
    A stent is a small mesh tube that's used to treat narrow or weak arteries by holding them open.
    Strep Throat
    Strep throat is a disease that causes a sore throat (pharyngitis).
    Stress Urinary Incontinence
    Stress incontinence results from movements that put pressure on the bladder and cause urine leakage, such as coughing, sneezing, laughing, or physical activity. Physical changes from pregnancy and childbirth often cause stress incontinence.
    Stroke
    A stroke is a medical emergency. Strokes happen when blood flow to your brain stops.
    Stroke
    Stroke happens when blood flow to part of the brain stops.
    Sudden Cardiac Death
    Cardiac arrest, or sudden cardiac death (SCD), happens when a heart rhythm disturbance prevents the heart from operating properly and delivering blood to the brain and other vital organs.
    Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
    Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the sudden, unexplained death of an infant younger than one year old.
    Sudden infant death syndrome
    Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the sudden, unexplained death of an infant younger than one year old. Some people call SIDS "crib death" because many babies who die of SIDS are found in their cribs.
    Swimmer's Ear
    Swimmer's ear is inflammation, irritation, or infection of the outer ear and ear canal.
    Systolic
    Your blood pressure is highest when your heart beats, pumping the blood. This is called systolic pressure.
    Tailbone Disorders
    The tailbone is the small bone at the bottom of your backbone, or spine.
    Tailbone Trauma
    Tailbone trauma occurs when the coccyx is damaged.
    TanTowel
    TanTowel specializes in providing the highest quality products for a healthy sunless tan.
    Tay-Sachs Disease
    Tay-Sachs disease is a rare, inherited type of lipid metabolism disorder.
    Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ)
    Temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders (TMJ disorders) are problems that affect the chewing muscles and joints that connect your lower jaw to your skull.
    Tendinitis
    Tendinitis is inflammation of a tendon.
    Tendinitis
    Tendons are flexible bands of tissue that connect muscles to bones.
    Tennis Elbow
    Tennis elbow, or lateral epicondylitis, is pain on the outside of the elbow caused by repetitive arm movements.
    Tennis Elbow Surgery
    Tennis elbow surgery is surgery to repair the tendons of the elbow.
    Tenosynovitis
    Tenosynovitis is inflammation of the tendon sheath.
    Testicular Cancer
    You can get cancer in one or both testicles. Testicles, or testes, make male hormones and sperm.
    Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm
    An aneurysm that occurs in the chest portion of the aorta is called a thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA).
    Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
    Your thoracic outlet is a small space just behind and below your collarbone. Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is the presence of hand and arm symptoms due to pressure against the nerves or blood vessels in the thoracic outlet area.
    Thyroid Cancer
    Thyroid cancer is disease in which malignant (cancer) cells from in the tissues of the thyroid gland.
    Thyroidectomy
    Thyroidectomy is the surgical removal of the thyroid.
    Tinea Versicolor
    Tinea versicolor is a long-term fungal infection of the skin.
    Tonsillitis
    Tonsillitis is swelling of the tonsils.
    Tonsils and Adenoids
    Tonsils and adenoids are similar to the lymph nodes or “glands” found in the neck, groin, and armpits.
    Trial of labor after cesarean
    Trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) is the attempt to have a vaginal birth after having a prior cesarean section.
    Trigger Finger
    Trigger finger occurs when a finger becomes stuck in a bent position.
    Trigger Point Injections
    A trigger point injection (TPI) is an injection that is given directly into the trigger point for pain management.
    TriVex
    TriVex offers fast treatment of varicose veins with just a few small incisions.
    Trochanteric Bursitis
    Trochanteric bursitis occurs when the bursa in your hip becomes swollen and irritated.
    Type 1 Diabetes
    Diabetes means your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. With type 1 diabetes, your pancreas does not make insulin.
    Type 2 Diabetes
    With type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body does not make or use insulin well.
    Ulcerative Colitis
    Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a disease that causes inflammation and sores, called ulcers, in the lining of the rectum and colon.
    Umbilical cord
    An umbilical cord contains the blood vessels (two arteries and one vein) that connects the baby to the placenta.
    Uncoordinated Contractions
    When there is a delay in electrical signal transmission in the hear, the right ventricle begins to contract a fraction of a second before the left ventricle, instead of simultaneously, which results in uncoordinated contractions.
    Urinary Tract Infection
    An UTI is an infection in the urinary tract.
    urinary tract infection
    A urinary tract infection, or UTI, is an infection of the urinary tract
    Urology
    Urology cares for the urinary tracts of males and females, and treats diseases and conditions of the male reproductive organs.
    Vaginal birth after cesarean
    Vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) is successfully having a vaginal delivery after a prior cesarean section.
    Vaginal Rejuvenation
    Repair of the vaginal canal and introitus following childbirth and/or menopause to treat stress urinary incontinence, dryness, and overall satisfaction
    Varicose Veins
    Varicose veins are swollen, twisted veins that you can see just under the surface of the skin. These veins usually occur in the legs, but they also can form in other parts of the body.
    Vascular Diseases
    The vascular system is the body's network of blood vessels.
    Vasculitis
    Vasculitis is an inflammation of the blood vessels. It happens when the body's immune system attacks the blood vessel by mistake.
    Venefit
    The Venefit™ Targeted Endovenous Therapy procedure is a minimally invasive treatment that uses radiofrequency (RF) energy to effectively treat patients suffering from varicose veins or Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI).
    Venefit
    Venefit™ is a minimally invasive treatment for varicose veins and chronic venous insufficiency (CVI).
    Venous
    The vascular system is the body's network of blood vessels that includes the venous system of veins that carry blood to and from the heart.
    Venous Insufficiency
    Venous insufficiency is a condition in which the veins have problems sending blood from the legs back to the heart.
    Venous Ulcer
    Venous ulcers (open sores) can occur when the veins in your legs don’t push blood back up to your heart as well as they should.
    Vertical Banded Gastroplasty
    Restrictive gastric operations, such as vertical banded gastroplasty (VGB) restrict and decrease food intake.
    Vertigo
    Vertigo is a sensation of motion or spinning that is often described as dizziness.
    Vitiligo
    Vitiligo causes white patches on your skin.
    Vocal Fold Paralysis
    Vocal fold paralysis is a voice disorder that occurs when one or both of the vocal folds don't open or close properly.
    Voluma
    JUVÉDERM VOLUMA® adds volume to the cheek area to correct age-related volume loss in adults over the age of 21.
    Walking Problems
    We walk thousands of steps each day.
    Warts
    Warts are small, usually painless growths on the skin.
    Whipple Procedure
    Whipple procedure is the removal of a portion of the pancreas and surrounding organs to treat cancer.
    Wilson Disease
    Wilson disease is a rare inherited disorder that prevents your body from getting rid of extra copper.
    Wrist Injuries and Disorders
    Your wrist is made up of eight small bones known as carpals.